Les pièces du royaume de Hollande

(en) Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (born Luigi Buonaparte; 2 September 1778 – 25 July 1846) was a younger brother of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French. He was a monarch in his own right from 1806 to 1810, ruling over the Kingdom of Holland (a French client state roughly corresponding to the current Netherlands). In that capacity he was known as Louis I (Dutch: Lodewijk I; Dutch pronunciation: [ˈloːdəʋɛik]). Louis was the fifth surviving child and fourth surviving son of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino, out of eight children who lived past infancy. He and his siblings were all born on Corsica, which had been conquered by France less than a decade before his birth. Louis followed his older brothers into the French Army, where he benefited from Napoleon's patronage. In 1802, he married his step-niece Hortense de Beauharnais, the daughter of Empress Joséphine (Napoleon's wife). In 1806, Napoleon established the Kingdom of Holland in place of the Batavian Republic, appointing Louis as the new king. Napoleon had intended for Holland to be little more than a puppet state, but Louis was determined to be as an independent as possible, and in fact became quite popular amongst his new people. Growing tired of his brother's wilfulness, Napoleon re-annexed Holland into the French Empire in 1810. Louis fled into exile in Austria, where he spent the rest of his life. His son Louis-Napoléon established the Second French Empire, taking the throne as Napoleon III.
Wikidata: Q212278

Voir aussi : Provinces-Unies, République batave, Pays-Bas

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Tri par : valeur faciale - autorité émettrice - type - date - référence
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Florin (XVIe siècle-1817)

16 penningen = 8 duiten = 1 stuiver • 20 stuivers = 1 florin

10 Stuivers -Louis Napoleon
1807-1809

Argent 912‰ • 5,26 g
KM# 30, N# 24437
1 gulden - Louis Napoléon (Essai)
1807

Essai
Or 986‰ • 13,97 g
N# 313975
1 Gulden - Louis Napoleon
1808-1810

Argent 912‰ • 10,53 g
KM# 31, N# 268916
1 gulden - Louis Napoléon (Essai)
1809

Essai
Étain • 10,43 g • ⌀ 28 mm
N# 310651
1 Rijksdaalder - Louis Napoleon
1806-1808

Argent 868‰ • 27,77 g
KM# 25, Dav EC IV# 225, Schulman# 123 a, N# 278847
50 stuivers - Louis Napoleon (Essai)
1807

Essai
Argent
Schön# 140, VG# 1540, N# 184207
2½ gulden - Louis Napoléon (Essai)
1807

Essai
Bronze • 19,1 g
N# 313977
50 Stuivers - Louis Napoleon (Essai, étain)
1807

Essai
Étain • 23,57 g • ⌀ 38 mm
N# 313611
50 stuivers Louis Napoléon
1807-1808

Argent 912‰ • 26,348 g
KM# 28, N# 24435
2½ gulden - Louis Napoléon
1808

Argent 912‰ • 26,348 g
KM# 32, Dav EC IV# 229, Schulman# 136a, N# 317135

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