Siglos - Darius I THE ROYAL COINAGE - 1st type

Caractéristiques

Emetteur Empire Achéménide (Perse)
Roi Darius Ier le Grand (-522 à -486)
Type Pièce courante
Dates -521 à -505
Valeur AR Siglos = 1⁄60 Mina (unit)= 1⁄16 Daric (1⁄20)
Devise Darique (-521 à -330)
Composition Argent 950‰
Poids 5,31 g
Diamètre 12 mm
Forme Ronde (irrégulière)
Orientation Frappe monnaie ↑↓
Démonétisée Oui
Numéro N# 60743
Numista type number (https://en.numista.com/help/what-is-the-n-number-visible-in-the-catalogue-33.html)
Références SNG Cop# 278,
Niels Breitenstein, Willy Schwabacher; 1942. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum: Royal Collection of Coins and Medals. Danish National Museum / Volume 1. Italy, Part 1 : Etruria - Campania. Einar Munksgaard, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Et 43 autres volumes.
BMC Greek# 197
Reginald Stuart Poole; 1876. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum / Volume 2. Sicily. British Museum, London, United Kingdom.
Et 26 autres volumes.

Avers

Un buste du roi Darius I avec un arc et une flèche.

Revers

Poinçon incuse.

Tranche

Lisse

Ce est le type le plus ancien et ne comprend que Siglos (je ne sais pas dariques d'or, ou des fractions de Siglos)

Commentaires

(en) The coinage of the Achaemenid Empire started to move away from simply copying Lydian coinage, to introducing changes with the reign of Darius I (ruled 522-486 BC). Under Darius I, the minting of Croeseids in Sardis was progressively replaced by the minting of Darics and Sigloi.

From around 510-500 BC, Darius then simplified the coining procedure by replacing the double reverse punch of Lydian coins, by a single, oblong reverse punch, and he introduced the image of the Persian king in place of the lion and bull design. This is deduced from the fact that no Darics or Sigloi were found in the Apadana hoard, under the Apadana foundation stones of the Apadana Palace in Persepolis (dated to between 519 and 510 BC), whereas there were gold Croeseids of the light type and Greek silver staters. But by around 500 BCE, a clay tablet, issued in year 22 of the reign of Darius I (circa 500 BCE), contained the impression on clay of two Type II Sigloi ("King shooting arrow"), showing that the new Sigloi had already been issued by that date. Because of these and other discoveries, the creation of the Darics and Sigloi is dated to the last decade of the 6th century BC, during the reign of Darius I.

The new Achaemenid coins were initially only made in silver, while the Lydian gold design of the Croesus was maintained. Then, Darius introduced his new design for gold coins as well, which came to be known as Darics, from Old Persian Daruiyaka, meaning "Golden". Although the Achaemenids had developed their own currency, they still accepted local monetary production including civic issues, throughout the land under their control, in particular in Western Asia.

According to numismat Martin Price, there is no doubt that the Darics and Sigloi of Types I and II were minted at Sardis and immediately followed the production of the Croeseids, since they adopted similar weights and were of the same fabric. He insists that the finds of the Croeseids and the "Archer" types of Darics and Sigloi indicate that they were not an Imperial coinage, but rather the coinage of the Satrapy of Lydia.

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Date B TB TTB SUP SPL FDC
ND (-521 à -510)  (en) Sardis mint
ND (-521 à -505)  (en) 1/24 Siglos (0.20 gr)
ND (-521 à -505)  (en) Sardis mint
ND (-520 à -505)  (en) Sardis mint

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Indice de rareté Numista : 95 Conseils d'utilisation
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