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The Single-access Key to Identifying your Gotlandic Örtugs

NumisdocEncyclopédie numismatique

Écrit le 16 décembre 2018 • Commentaires (0)

With there being so many different types of anonymous Gotlandic örtug pieces, distinguishing each type can be difficult. In 2014, Gunnar Haljak published a book entitled "Classical örtugs from Gotland: Klassiska Gotlandska örtugar," where Haljak showed his comprehensive work in decoding these örtugs. While the exact date-range he gives each piece is only from his opinion, Haljak's catalogue has had the most research put into it, meaning it is the most accurate and up-to-date.

An important thing to note is that Haljak divided these örtugs into 43 different types, rather than the 45 listed on Numista. After the 1400s, Gotland fell under Danish ruler, so Haljak refers to types 44 and 45 as hvids, and are outside the date-range for his 43 types. However, even if Gotland was under Danish ruler, the island could have continued their old minting system with örtugs. Between the similarity of types 44 and 45 to the örtugs, and between how other sources list these coins' (and other Gotlandic coins') denominations, they will be listed on Numista as örtugs.

Finally, only 24 of the 43 types Haljak lists are currently listed on Numista. This is solely due to the creator of this page not actually owning Haljak's catalogue, and instead relying on Haljak's auctions to decipher each type. With all types listed having been sold since 2014 at the earliest, the types listed are probably the most common ones.

Are you not sure how to read a single-access key? Start at the first point, and find which aspect matches your item the closest. Whichever aspect you choose, there will be a number after. Go straight to that number, skipping any number that happens to be between it and the first point. Keep making your way down the list until you come to whichever type the numbers are leading to.


The Single-access Key to Identifying your Gotlandic Örtugs:

1. On the obverse, is the ram's body dotted (2), lumpy (3), fluffy/wavy (6), striped (13), or solid (17)?
2. Is the ram walking right (Type 17) or walking left (Type 23)?
3. Is the ram walking right (Type 6a) or walking left (4)?
4. Does the ram have a halo (Type 2) or is it missing its halo (5)?
5. Are the ram's lumps apparent and distinguishable (Type 1) or subtle and merging (Type 6b)?
6. Does the ram have a halo (7) or is it missing its halo (10)?
7. On the reverse, does the tree end in a stump (Type 22) or does it have three roots (8)?
8. Are the top leaves pointing towards the trunk (Type 29) or are they pointing up (9)?
9. Are the bottom leaves pointing up and away from the trunk (Type 5) or are they pointing nearly straight out (Type 16)?
10. On the reverse, does the tree have five roots (Type 14) or three roots (11)?
11. Are the top leaves pointing up and away from the trunk (Type 3) or are they just pointing up (12)?
12. Does the tree have long roots (Type 44a), regular roots (Type 44b), or short roots (Type 44c)?
13. Does the ram have a halo (Type 9) or is it missing its halo (14)?
14. On the reverse, does the tree end in a stump (Type 24), five roots (Type 41), or three roots (15)?
15. Are all leaves pointing up (Type 8) or are they all pointed up and away from the trunk (16)?
16. On the obverse, are the ends of the flag angled down (Type 31), are the ends curved down (Type 32), or are the ends straight (Type 38)?
17. Does the ram have a halo (18) or is it missing its halo (19)?
18. On the reverse, are the roots flattened into a stump (Type 7) or are there five roots (Type 40)?
19. On the reverse, are there five roots (Type 15), three roots (Type 28), or does the tree end in a stump/are the roots too merged to count (20)?
20. Are the bottom leaves pointing up and away from the trunk (Type 45) or are they pointing down and away from the stump (21)?
21. On the obverse, is there a cross on the flag (Type 19) or is the flag missing its cross (Type 21)?

Did the type you land on not match your coin? As stated earlier, not every type is currently listed on Numista, so your coin could be one of those. If this is the case, please contact Sulfur, the creator of this page. If your coin is truly of an unlisted type, a new page can be created dedicated to the unlisted types.

Types currently missing from Numista: 4, 10-13, 18, 20, 25-27, 30, 33-37, 39, 42-43.